Drug misuse is the unintended wrong use of a drug due to ignorance of either dosing or drug indications. Whereas, the abuse is an intended wrong use of the drug to achieve a purpose. Both the misusing and abusing occur as a result of the poor patient knowledge and overdosing.
Although the drug misuse is more relevant to prescription drugs, we must not overlook the otc medications. This article highlights the misuse of performance-enhancing medications and products.
The Drug to build up
#1 Anabolic Steroids
They are oral and injectable medications derived from the male hormone, testosterone. Taking anabolic steroids promotes the skeletal muscles growth and increases the body mass. Because of this very reason, they are referred to as the androgenic (male) anabolic steroids.
Though the anabolic steroids are important for the athletes and bodybuilders to improve performance. Currently, many people take the anabolic steroids to enhance the physical appearance. Such a problem is due to the ignorance of how to take them right and what this could do to their bodies in the future.
Athletes take the anabolic steroids in cycles of many doses for weeks or months. In addition, they take the anabolic steroids as blends to maximize the efficiency and cut the side effects.
Hazards of the Anabolic Steroids
The reckless use weakens the muscles, thus making it difficult to train longer and harder. Also, injecting anabolic steroids increases the liability to diseases like hepatitis and AIDS. Taking an anabolic steroid should be under the supervision of an expert since it risks the hormonal health and reproduction.
Major side effects
- Liver problems.
- Development of breasts.
- Fluid retention.
- Increased blood pressure.
- Severe acne.
Other side effects
• Shrinking of the testicles, reduced sperm count, and infertility. The intensive usage makes the body relies on external sources of testosterone rather than the normal body production of it.
• The growth of facial hair, disturbances of the menstrual cycle, and deepened voice for women.
• Anabolic steroids elevate the levels of bad cholesterol (LDL) and quench the level of good cholesterol (HDL). Hence, one becomes more prevalent to heart diseases and cholesterol-related diseases.
Psychiatric side effects may result from anabolic steroid abuse. Many users report feeling good about themselves while on anabolic steroids. But, later on, they experience wild mood changes including mania-like symptoms. Thus one could get violent to the extent of committing a crime.
Stopping these drugs should be gradual to avert the steroid-dependent depression. Besides, users may suffer from paranoia, delusions, and impaired judgments due to the invincibility feelings.
■ Read Rumors about Anabolic Steroids.
#2 Amino Acids Supplements
Amino acids supplements are significant for gymnasts, weight lifters, and body builders. Because the supplements help in
- Promoting the muscle growth and healing.
- Gaining weight (muscles not fats).
- Tissue recovery while not handicapping a weight loss plan.
- Relieving pain and sleeping.
- Curing the herpes sores.
Studies showed that ingesting 12 grams of the L-ornithine amino acid increases the serum of human growth hormone. Also, taking a 2.4-gram dose of L-arginine and L-lysine increases the human growth hormone and insulin.
Taking amino acids to enhance the appearance whilst no enough training is a sort of madness. Having high-protein meals and snacks for normal healthy people is quite enough. In other words; the over consumption of protein offers no benefit but may pose some health risks.
Need more Power?
Most energy drinks contain varying amounts of caffeine, guarana extract, taurine, and ginseng. Such a combination is great to level up the wakefulness and prevent fatigue. Yet, having two energy drinks at most during the whole day is critical to evade any adverse effects. The safe threshold of caffeine per day is 400 mg. It is worth to mention that Guarana also contains caffeine and so increasing the whole caffeine content of the can. Sometimes, this info is not declared downright in the list of contents.
Athletes may have energy drinks as they need prolonged alertness and extra stamina. The truth is that energy drinks attract the young adults more because of their superficial vision and eagerness to try out anything.
Overconsuming Energy drinks triggers
- Heart palpitations.
- Gastrointestinal upset.
Serious Cardiac and Neurological toxicities
- Myocardial ischemia.
Awareness of the health risks is necessary to stand the brainwashing marketing campaigns. Many adults know nothing about the energy drinks dangers. Thus, no wonder the marketing of such products always succeed far beyond expectations.